Aleppo Syria Events
Syrian government forces have made significant progress in eastern Aleppo, taking most of the rebel-held region, state media reported. This is the first major victory for the government in the city, which has been held by rebels for more than four years.
The Syrian army dropped two gas bombs in the rebel-held city of Aleppo, killing two people and wounding 12, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. Jihad - networked media Ebaa said the rebels also captured the house of a group overlooking Aleppo. Turkish rebels have attacked the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). There are reports of a dolmus leaving Kilis for the southern border city of Deir Azer. Ez - Sor, local media report.
Aleppo, Syria's second largest city, is known to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited urban areas in the world. The Syrian city of Aleppo, home to the Jewish merchant Halab and the largest concentration of Jews in all of Syria.
In 2012, a number of poorly organized opposition groups, many of them armed by foreign patrons, formed to take control of major cities such as Damascus, Homs, Aleppo, Hama, Idlib, and other northern Syrian cities. By the end of 2016, the main cities north of it, including parts of Aleppo and Syria's largest city, had been recaptured. Originally captured by rebels in July 2012, it has been under fire and bombed for years.
Mortars and rockets are falling in their area in western Aleppo, but it is striking that civilians fleeing east Aleppo toward the government - the western part of Aleppo is not mentioned at all. The report seems to assume that they are fleeing bombs rather than armed opposition groups. It is easy to forget that the west of Aleppo has also been shelled by armed groups in and around it.
The killing and destruction of eastern Aleppo has been linked to the government, implying that it was a deliberate strategy (see 9 / 11). The armed groups in eastern Aleppo are referred to as the "opposition," thus providing the background to the many different groups working to overthrow the Syrian government. We cannot engage in an analysis of the political and military situation in Syria without a thorough understanding of these groups.
The government recently recaptured large parts of central and eastern Syria from IS, with the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces controlling Raqqa. The advance came after Assad's forces drove the insurgents off the M5 highway between Aleppo and Damascus and reopened the Aleppo-Damascus border crossing with Turkey, a key supply route for the rebels. Syrian government forces and fighters recruited from Iran, as well as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS).
The city was divided about half way after government forces and rebels began fighting in Aleppo, and the buffer zone agreement was quickly adopted.
I was in Aleppo, on the rebel side of the battle line, and watched on television as fighters loosely allied to the Free Syrian Army received the news that the beautiful, imposing mosque minaret, built in 1090 AD, had probably been destroyed by government artillery. I remembered that Syrians were among the last to leave eastern Aleppo, passing through eastern Aleppo (recaptured by the Assad regime and evacuated from rebel-held enclaves) to the burning ruins of Aleppo's eye hospital, where I had my first experience as a medical student in the early 1990s. The citadel is now under the control of the Syrian army and is one of the few places in Aleppo that have not been hit.
Immediately after taking office, he brought new members to the party offices in Aleppo and the surrounding areas and provided them with an armed wing, the Ba'ath battalions.
It was a significant moment in Syria's civil war, which gave him control of Syria's four largest cities. The Syrian government and its affiliated forces committed war crimes during the siege and were also found guilty by the United Nations of crimes against humanity, which the governments of Syria, Russia and Iran flatly deny. Instead of welcoming an investigation into what happened, they continue to obstruct it. The city fell in December 2012 when the "Syrian regime" took Aleppo after the last rebel fighters had left Aleppo's eastern districts.
The Syrian government has asked the United Nations to investigate the March 19 attack on Aleppo in which opposition forces are said to have used chemical weapons and killed 25 people. Russia, which supports them, says civilians, rebel fighters and rebel families have been abducted from Aleppo to the nearby city of Idlib. Worsening conditions in Aleppo and other parts of eastern Syria have led to nearly 10,000 Syrians returning to Idlib under a negotiated deal.